For each game of basketball we record dozens of stats- but which are actually useful to finding out “why” your team won or lost a game? Fortunately for the high school or AAU coach there are just four measurements that really matter. They are:

- Shooting, measured in effective field goal percentage (eFG%)
- Turnovers, measured in turnover percentage (TOV%)
- Rebounding, measured in offensive and defensive rebounding percentage (ORB% and DRB%)
- Free throws, measured in free throw rate (FTR)

In case you’re wondering, I didn’t just make these stats up- they were designed and tested by Dean Oliver, widely regarded as the creator of advanced statistics for basketball. He was the first ever statistical analyst hired by an NBA front office (the Denver Nuggets in 2006) and also wrote the book Basketball on Paper, considered the equivalent of baseball’s Moneyball. These four factors of basketball are based off his observations of thousands of NBA games.

Keep reading as I breakdown what these four factors mean and how you can apply them to make your team better.

**Exclusive Download:**I’ve created an excel spreadsheet which will automatically convert the basic stats in your standard box score into the four factor measurements. It takes just 1 minute to input and get the stats that NBA teams use. Get it here .

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